21st of March from 10:45 to 12:15. Room Galati

In this workshop we will explore how different considerations coming from robot designers, industry and societal stakeholders in relationship to robots and the future of work are translated into public policy, and how this process could be improved. Introducing interactive robots in our society will have economic and legal consequences. The High Level Expert Group on the impact of the digital transformation on EU labour markets alerts the society to the potential positive or negative impacts of robotics in the labour market. A robotized administration, for instance, may trigger the redefinition of the legal and financial systems. The international institutions have reluctantly admitted the use of tax benefits as a way to foster innovation through Public Finance, but stressing their proportionality. This approach could be useful to solve the current needs recently observed for training in the digital economy transition phase, not to leave anyone behind. However, there is still an apparent contradiction between the innovation policy and the uncertain future of workers that needs to be unveiled. This situation calls for sound legislation making compatible their fair protection and promoting EU companies’ competitiveness, productivity and sustainability. Under these circumstances, and at the risk of losing control over decision-making processes in the hands of autonomous processes, these decision processes will have to be clearly and explicitly defined. In this sense, mechanisms allowing stakeholder involvement, including workers, are deemed to be necessary. This workshop will serve as a platform to define decision-making processes for the insertion of robotics in society and in the workplace, and to devise fair and transparent stakeholder involvement instruments. Experts from economics, business, law, labor market and policymakers will share their perspectives with the robotics community in depth in order to reach some consensus.

  • Moderator: Amparo Grau (Complutense University of Madrid, INBOTS)
  • Co-Moderator: Eduard Fosch Villaronga (Leiden University, Cost Action 16116)


  • Tax incentives for human reskilling in the transition to a robotized world?Amparo Grau (Complutense University of Madrid, INBOTS)
  • Robotics and Healthcare: Convergence Frameworks.Robin L. Pierce (Tilburg University)
  • ILO and the future of work: a human centred agenda.Mari Luz Vega (International Labour Organization)
  • The impact of the digital transformation on EU labour markets.Maarten Goos, Ronja Roettger (Utrecht University, INBOTS)
  • Innovation and IP policies. Luke Mc Donagh (CITY University of London, INBOTS)
  • Cooperation to drive robotics innovations. Francesco Ferro (PAL Robotics, INBOTS)



María Amparo GRAU RUIZ

Full Professor of Financial and Tax Law, Complutense University of Madrid

Principal Investigator at the UCM of the EU project H2020 “Inclusive Robotics for a Better Society (INBOTS)” and leader of its WP2 on ethical, legal, social and economic (ELSE) issues. Principal Investigator of the CertificaRSE MINECO-FEDER project on “Legal-Financial Effects, And Control Of The Social Impact For Sustainable Development: The Role Of Labels In The Investment And In The Public Contracts” (DER2015-65374-R). Leader of the Research Group 970774 IUS-SustentaRSE  “Law for Sustainable Development”. Member of the Subcommittee on Environmental Taxation, appointed by the UN Committee of Experts on International Cooperation in Tax Matters.

Tax incentives for human reskilling in the transition to a robotized world?

There is a need to define a legal and economic framework to facilitate the transition period, taking into account the changes in the training that workers should receive in order to adapt to new jobs. The best solution would be to offer equal opportunities and to make efforts to reallocate the gains. The equality principle, understood as non-discrimination, calls for a search of legal actions in favour of vulnerable groups due to new forms of disability, such as the lack of technological skills. As predictions related to the risks of workers’ displacement in a company may vary with the passage of time, due to the speed of the technological change and the improvements of robotics endowed with systems of artificial intelligence, a company should even consider the possibility of transferring the probable risk of displaced workers in the future to a third party. How should the tax policy makers react?


Dr. Eduard Fosch-Villaronga

Marie Skłodowska-Curie Postdoctoral Researcher at the eLaw Center for Law and Digital Technologies at Leiden University

Eduard Fosch-Villaronga, PhD, M.A., LL.M., LL.B. At the eLaw Center for Law and Digital Technologies at Leiden University, he addresses the legal and ethical aspects of healthcare robots. Eduard is the co-leader of the Ethical, Legal and Societal Aspects Working Group at the H2020 Cost Action 16116 on Wearable Robots (https://wearablerobots.eu/). Eduard holds an Erasmus Mundus Joint Doctorate (EMJD) in Law, Science, and Technology coordinated from University of Bologna. He has held visiting Ph.D. positions at the Center for Education Engineering and Outreach (CEEO) at Tufts University in the United States and the Laboratoire de Systèmes Robotiques (LSRO) at EPFL in Lausanne in Switzerland. Amongst receiving degrees from the University of Toulouse (LL.M.), the Autonomous University of Madrid (M.A.), and the Autonomous University of Barcelona (LL.M. and LL.B.), he is also a qualified lawyer in Spain.

Speak your mind! Interactive session on sustainable policies for robot technologies

The goals of the Cost Action 16116 Working Group on the Ethical, Legal and Societal Issues is to identify the ELS issues in the field of wearable robotics, develop desiderata for policy making and explore newly emerging issues from interdisciplinary perspective. In this workshop, the CA 16116 supports the European project INBOTS CSA in creating an interactive session with experts in the field with the goal of identifying core concerns regarding the realisation of inclusive robotics, including wearable robots, to help build a better society in the future.


Robin Pierce

Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society

Robin Pierce, JD, PhD, is at the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) in The Netherlands. She obtained a law degree (Juris Doctor) from University of California, Berkeley and a PhD from Harvard University where her work focused on genetic privacy. Currently, her work focuses on AI in medicine, addressing translational challenges for the development, and integration of emerging technology for clinical and health applications, applying legal, ethical, and policy analysis to complex questions of research, translation, and uptake. She has served on numerous research ethics committees, including Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, and Harvard Medical School hospitals. She has published across disciplines in such journals as European Data Protection and Law Review, Social Science and Medicine, and The Lancet. She serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. She leads the Health Law, Ethics, and Technology initiative at TILT.

Robotics and Healthcare: Convergence Frameworks

Much attention has been focused on developing sustainable policies for the regulation and governance of robotics, some with an eye toward use in the health domain. However, a techno-centric focus on governance and policies fails to adequately recognize the multiple pre-existing and longstanding normative frameworks that govern various aspects of healthcare. This presentation explores the nature of intersecting normative frameworks of clinical care and robotics and makes the case that sustainable policies will need to acknowledge the force and motivation of existing norms and practices in healthcare and, at the same time, allocate appropriate responsibility to the multiple actors bringing robotics into the healthcare domain.



Coordinator of the Future of Work Initiative, International Labour Organisation

Licence in Labour by the Complutense University of Madrid, Labour and Social Security Inspector at the Ministry of Labour and Social Security ( Spain ) Diplome d’Etudes Superieures en Droit du travail. Université de Geneve, 1994 ILO specialist since 1989. Associated expert in labour law and labour legislation (LEGREL Geneva), young professional in labour inspection (ADMITRA Geneva) Specialist in labour law and labour relation (LEGREL Geneva), Senior specialist in labour law, labour relations and labour administration in Lima. Senior specialist in Fundamental Principle and rights (DECLARATION Geneva). Senior specialist on Labour administration inspection (LABADMIN Geneva), Technical Adviser on Workplace Compliance, Special Adviser on the Regional office for Europe and Central Asia. Since August 2016, Coordinator of the Future of Work Initiative

ILO and the future of work: a human centred agenda

After the launch of its Initiative in 2015 The ILO DG rely in a Global Commission of 27 experts than for more than 16 months has been discussing on the different issues related with this main challenge. Last 22nd January the Commission has presented its report that put people and the work they do at the centre of economic and social policy and business practice, the so called human centred agenda for the future of work. Among other nine recommendations the Commission proposed to harness and manage technology in support of decent work and adopt a human in command approach to technology.


Maarten Goos

Full Professor of Economics and Institutions at Utrecht University, Chair of the High-Level Expert Group on “the Impact of the Digital Transformation on EU Labour Markets” at the European Commission.

Maarten Goos is Full Professor of Economics and Institutions at the Faculty of Law, Economics and Governance at Utrecht University. His research focuses on the impact of the digital transformation on labour markets. Maarten received his PhD from the London School of Economics (LSE) and held positions at Erasmus University Rotterdam and KU Leuven before joining Utrecht University. He also held visiting positions at Princeton University, LSE and MIT. He is currently coordinating the Future of Work initiative at Utrecht University.


Ronja Röttger

PhD Candidate at Utrecht University

Ronja Röttger is a PhD Candidate in Economics at the Faculty of Law, Economics and Governance at Utrecht University. In her dissertation, Ronja focuses on the impact of digitalization on the labour market. Ronja studied Economics at the Utrecht University School of Economics and received her Research Master’s degree in 2017. Next to her studies, Ronja did internships at the German Parliament and the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis. Her PhD research is funded by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) under the Research Talent program.

The impact of the digital transformation on EU labour markets

Due to digitalisation, changes in the labour market are occurring rapidly, influencing the nature, quality and productivity of work. European leaders face the challenge to make use of these developments to foster economic growth and employment – while at the same time ensuring decent working conditions, social protection and equal opportunities for all.
In light of these ongoing changes, the European Commission convened a group of 10 High-Level Experts to discuss these challenges from their respective fields of expertise and provide out-of-the-box policy recommendations how to address and overcome them.


Luke McDonagh

Senior Lecturer in the Law School at City, University of London

Dr Luke McDonagh has been widely published in peer-review journals including Modern Law Review and Intellectual Property Quarterly. He has published reports commissioned by the UK Intellectual Property Office and by the European Parliament. He is an academic member of the EU Horizon2020-funded INBOTS consortium along with his City colleague Dr Enrico Bonadio.

Innovation and IP policies

This presentation discusses the optimal IP policies for Robotics innovation, looking at patents, copyright, trademarks and trade secrets.


Francesco Ferro

PAL Robotics CEO

Francesco Ferro is the CEO and co-founder of PAL Robotics, one of the top service robotics companies in the world, and a euRobotics asibl Board Director. He received a BSc+MSc degree in Telecommunications Engineering at Politecnico di Torino in 2002 (Italy), a Master at ISEN (Lille, France) and an Executive MBA at the University of Barcelona (Spain) in 2011. Since 2004 he develops cutting-edge humanoid service robots at PAL Robotics. The Barcelona company has the mission of making people’s life easier by using robotics, and for more than 15 years it has developed robots for service tasks and Industrial environments, as well as for R&D.

Cooperation to drive robotics innovations

In this talk, PAL Robotics’ CEO will explain how the company collaborates with public and private institutions in order to push forward robotics developments that have a positive impact in society, in multiple fields of application. A relevant part of these collaborations are born through European Union frameworks such as Horizon 2020, which drive innovation in fields such as Industry 4.0, Assisted Living or AI.